Replacing Simon and Kirby, Chapter 3, They’re Back

In the previous chapter I covered the artist who did most of the Newsboy Legion stories while Joe Simon and Jack Kirby were off doing their military service. I had questionably attributed this work to Arturo or Louis Caseneuve based on comments made by Joe Simon. However I have now seen enough work attributed to these artists to doubt that they had anything to do with penciling all those Newsboy Legion stories. I also looked into a commenter’s suggestion that the artist might be Phil Bard and although I will completely rule that out I do not believe it is a correct attribution either. All I can say is that I am certain this artist was not Gil Kane. Whoever the replacement artist was his Newsboy run ended with Star Spangled #49 (October 1945).

Star Spangled #50
Star Spangled #50 (November 1945) “The Leopard Man Changes His Spots” page 11, art by unidentified artist

It was not Simon and Kirby that followed the replacement artist but yet another artist that I am unable to identify. Unfortunately he is not up to the standards of the S&K replacement artist let alone the real Simon and Kirby. Panel 2 of page 11 (see above) and the cover for KO #1 (October 1945) clearly share some sort of connection. The cover dates for the SS #50 and KO #1 are so close that is hard to believe one was swiped from the other unless that happened before publication. Perhaps there is an older Simon and Kirby work that both were based upon that has not yet been recognized. Oddly while no one seems to have credited “The Leopard Man Changes His Spots” as a work by Simon and Kirby some have attributed the KO #1 cover to Kirby. However there are so many things wrong with the KO #1 cover that a Kirby attribution can certainly be rejected (see Not Kirby: KO #1, KO #1 Returns and KO #1, Round Three).

Star Spangled #52
Star Spangled #52 (January 1946), pencils and inks by Jack Kirby

The covers for Star Spangled #44 (May 1945) to #47 (August 1945) were drawn by the replacement artist that I covered in my last chapter (Chapter 2, The Replacement). Jack Kirby drew the covers for Star Spangled #48 (September 1945) to #51 (December 1945) but the question is when were these done? Were they part of the inventory that Simon and Kirby created before they entered military service? Or were they done after Jack returned from Europe? Kirby could have drawn them even if he had not yet left the service. I am not going to try to answer that question at this time but I am certain that the cover for Star Spangled #52 (January 1946) was not part of the original inventory. Kirby not only penciled this cover he inked it as well. Such inking was a luxury that Kirby could not afford while busily building up the original inventory. So from this point on it can confidently be said that Kirby was back. It has a Simon and Kirby signature but I do not think Joe was out of the military yet. This was just Jack recognizing his partnership with Simon. Joe had done the same thing earlier on the cover for Boy Commandos #12 (Fall 1945) done while Joe was in the Coast Guards and Jack was still in Europe.

To my eyes this cover has a more advanced appearance compared to earlier covers. Much more like what would be seen in Stuntman; the first issue of which would appear a few months later. Even later Star Spangled covers were not quite as advanced probably because Jack did not ink them as well.

Star Spangled #52
Star Spangled #52 (January 1946) “Rehearsal for Crime” page 5, art by Gil Kane?

Jack Kirby did the cover for Star Spangled #52 but he did not draw the “Rehearsal for Crime” story that appeared inside. Nor was this the artist who did art found in issues #50 and #51. The artist’s work reminds me a lot of the earlier work that Gil Kane did for the story in issue #30 (Chapter 1, The Newsboy Legion).

left Star Spangled #8 (May 1942) “Last Mile Alley” page 13 panel 2, pencils by Jack Kirby
right Star Spangled #30 (March 1944) “The Lady of Linden Lane” page 7 panel 5, art by Gil Kane?

Page 5 of “Rehearsal for Crime” was not the best page for showing that Gil Kane probably drew this story but I could not resist using it because of the fourth panel. It is a swipe that ultimately is derived from Simon and Kirby art from Star Spangled #8 (May 1942). But that was not the version that was actually swiped, it was the one Kane did for Star Spangled #30 (March 1944). Only now the figures of Gabby and Scrapper have been switched.

Star Spangled #60
Star Spangled #60 (September 1946) “Steve Brodie the 2nd” page 6, art by unidentified artist

Jack Kirby would draw the stories for issues #53 to #59 (February to August 1946) and the covers up to Star Spangled #61 (October 1946) and that would end Simon and Kirby’s involvement in their Newsboy Legion. I doubt that Simon and Kirby every just walked away from work so I believe this was DC’s decision. Stuntman #1 is cover dated April so that timing is just right to suggest that Simon and Kirby were dropped because they had jumped ship to a competitor (Harvey Comics). While this might have been true I would not read too much into it because Joe and Jack continued to provide work for Boy Commandos for years to come. Without question DC was pretty mad about what Joe and Jack had done but just not mad enough to sabotage a popular title like Boy Commandos.

Simon and Kirby’s replacements would still strive to look like they were done by the masters but unfortunately these imitators were just not that successful. It seems that each issue had a different artist with perhaps the penciler for “Steve Brodie the 2nd” being the best.

Star Spangled #61
Star Spangled #61 (October 1946) “The Great Balloon Race” page 9, art by unidentified artist

I do not know, could there have been any purchasers who bought this comic with a Simon and Kirby cover who were not disappointed by the story inside?

Star Spangled #63
Star Spangled #63 (December 1946) “Code of the Newsstand” page 9, art by unidentified artist

I provide another example a Newsboy Legion artist from after Simon and Kirby had left a second time. Perhaps the reader can sense that my heart just is not into this work. It is not these artists are really that bad but coming after Simon and Kirby it is a bit of a let down. They did not even have the interesting and original qualities of the main replacement artist from the war years.

Star Spangled #64
Star Spangled #64 (January 1947), art by unidentified artist

The cover for Star Spangled #64 (January 1947) shows a boat leaving the Newsboy Legion behind. Somehow it seems a fitting metaphor for the last issue of the Star Spangled that contained the Newsboy Legion. The next issue would feature Robin on the cover. Still the run lasted from April 1942 to January 1947. At 56 issues that is not bad at all. The demise of the Newsboy Legion seems to be part of DC’s decision to move away from the multitude of golden age features and concentrate on what they considered their core characters, Superman and Batman.

7 thoughts on “Replacing Simon and Kirby, Chapter 3, They’re Back

  1. Bob Cosgrove

    The Leopardman story that you post an example of first appears to me to be Joe Kubert’s work, as particularly evidenced by the criminal terrified by the leopardman in the first panel.

  2. Ger Apeldoorn

    I wasn’t going to post anything, but what Bob says is the first thing that crossed my mind as well. For another stylistic similarity see the curls of the man on the right hand side in the third panel. But is that even possible? Did Kubert ever mention working for S&K?

  3. Ger Apeldoorn

    I checked the GCD and they have Kubert as the penciller of two Newsboy Legion, The Leopard Man one and the one after that. Does that fit with your findings?

    Joe Kubert

    The Leopard Man Changes His Spots
    Newsboy Legion / story / 10 pages Star Spangled Comics (1941 series) #50
    November 1945 DC

    Joe Kubert (signed as Simon and Kirby)

    The Style Show of Suicide Slum
    Newsboy Legion / story / 11 pages

  4. Harry Post author

    Bob & Ger,

    I do not know enough about Joe Kubert, especially his earlier work, to have much to say about this attribution. From discussions with Joe, I do not believe Kubert every worked for Simon and Kirby. But that really is besides the point. Except for the early Gil Kane piece from Chapter 1, these replacement artists were not working for S&K but for DC. Anyone know some signed pieces by Kubert from this period? Sorry but I just do not accept the GCD as a reference. My polity with the GCD is trust but verify.

  5. Ger Apeldoorn


    On a quick notice I’d say you would be best of looking for some of Kubert’s work for Black Cat. That’s from 1944, but I have seen some of it around at original art collections (maybe even Heritage). There is an early illustration here: ( which shows how much he was influenced by Meskin for one. Around the time of his attributed Newsboy stories he was also doing Hawkman and some images from that may be around from that. Actually, if you see some of his early stuff, the Eisner and Meskin influences, you’ll get a feel for it pretty quickly. The things that make this NL sample look like his work are still in evidence in his work into the early fifties (like the use of metacommunication devices such as the sweat beads in the first panel). Some of that stuff can be seen on my blog.

  6. Mike Machlan


    I’m not sure by your opening statement whether you have or haven’t ruled out Phil Bard as the artist on these particular issues S.S. (32, 35, 36, 40, 49). I would also attribute his work on covers for issues 45, 46, and 47. I’m not sure how much of his work you’ve looked at but not only did he do Minuteman for Fawcett but he also did a character called Commando Yank. I’m almost positive from looking at this work that it’s the same guy. I think the differences could be attributed primarily to who was inking the work and possible editorial input. I know I could be wrong, but I hope you double check.

  7. Harry Post author

    I have not completely ruled Phil Bard out but based on what I have seen so far I do not believe he was the S&K replacement artist. And I do not think it is because of a different inker. I have changed my mind about attributions in the past, but in this case it will take more convincing examples than what I have seen.

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